Mining Related Industries, this page contains images of Industries in Cornwall that were related to mining. This is a scratch on the surface of remains still left in the county and the page will undoubtedly grow over time. There will also be an extensive page dedicated to the Tolgus Stream Works. All the images apart from Tolgus were taken in the late 1990’s.
The Perran Foundry was first established by the Fox Family of Falmouth. The site was open from 1791 to 1879, the closure was brought about by a decline in the Cornish Mining industry. At its height from the 1820’s to the 1860’s there were 400 men employed in making pumping engines which were exported all over the world.
The Harveys of Hayle Foundry worked from 1779 to 1903, making many mine pumping engines and ships. The topic is covered on the Hayle Gallery Page
One of the by-products of the mining industry was Arsenic. Many mines would process their own, but there were still many refineries were operating in Cornwall.
One of these was situated in the Carnon Valley at Bissoe. Arsenic had many uses at the time; used in Lancashire to dye Cotton, pigments and colouring for wallpapers, also it was shipped abroad for use in pest control and glass making.
The Point Mills works at Bissoe was run by the British Arsenic Company which ran the works for a century up to the outbreak of World War 2.
Transport in the boom times of Cornish Mining was always a problem for the mine owners who needed to get the ore out to the ports and to get coal and materials to the mines. One of the solutions was the Portreath Tramroad, it was the first railway laid in Cornwall, owned by the Williams family and the Foxes of Falmouth. At Portreath work started in 1809, by 1819 the 6 miles of line was in use. It initially served North Downs Mine, but was extended to Treskerby Mine along with a storage yard at Croftyhandy. The track was made from three foot lengths of “L” shaped cast iron, mounted on Granite setts with a guage of about three foot. The wagons were horse drawn and the wheels ran inside the flange of the rails. Eventually the line closed in the 1870’s. The tram is now a path that joins on to other Mine trails and it’s possible to walk from Portreath to Devoran. a great tour of the mining districts I should know as I walked it several times for the Bob Acton books on the subject.
Many recovery plants or “Stream Works” worked in Cornwall to reclaim Tin from the waste from mines processing floors. The Red River named for its red colour due to the minerals it carried had nearly 30 plants working it.
The images below were taken at The Brea Plant overlooking Tuckingmill.
The Tolgus Tin Streaming Mill was the last to work in Cornwall, it closed in the late 1980’s following the crash in Tin prices, today it’s a working museum maintained almost single handedly by Graham Williams who is on a labour of love to restore the mill and the machinery that remains. Below is an image of a Round Frame used to collect fine particles of Tin, recently renovated by Graham it looks spectacular. I chanced my arm and took the photo on a single flash with a 17mm lens, I was very suprised at how well it came out.