With its high cliffs and dramatic setting the St Agnes Mines form one of my favorite areas. The cliffs to the west and east have been worked for Tin for many hundreds of years as well as being moulded by the power of the sea.
Geologically important, the rich ore deposits have been formed at the junction of the granite underlying St. Agnes Beacon and the complex metamorphosed country rock around it. The town of St Agnes grew up around the mines, in Trevaunance Cove a harbour was constructed to ship the ore out to the smelters, the remains can be clearly seen at low tide. The boom years for St Agnes were from the 1830’s through to the mid 1870’s when the price of Tin dropped. Many of the smaller mines were forced to close. The three largest mines in the area Wheal Kitty, Polberro and Wheal Friendly had merged, and as one company they continued into the 1940’s.
This pages cover one of my favorite areas, from Porthtowan to Perranporth. The coast here is amazing with classic Cornish Mining Landscapes, the views of the cliffs are breath taking. I have walked from Portreath to St.Agnes several times enjoying every minute of it. For more information on St Agnes follow this link: St Agnes
Blue Hills between St.Agnes and Perranporth, this is the Pumping Engine house for the mine’s 70″ engine. The mine worked from 1813-1898 producing quantities of Arsenic and 2,117 tons of tin.
Charlotte United Mine’s 36″ Engine House, in the valley above Chapel Porth. This was a misty day in the summer, the sun obliged for a few seconds so I could get this image. The mine worked from 1820-1873 producing 23,100 tons of Copper
A second image of Charlotte United, on a better day
The remains of the Bob Wall at Great Wheal Charlotte, the mine worked from 1834-1840 producing 2,800 Tons of Copper
Cligga Head Mine along the dramatic cliffs from St Agnes.
For more images follow the link: Cligga Head Mine Gallery
Wheal Coates 36″ Pumping Engine House on Towanroath Shaft, the foundations infront of the house were for a later horizontal pumping engine. The mine is wonderfully situated on the cliff edge and was worked from 1815-1914.
. For more images follow this link: Wheal Coates Mine Gallery
Wheal Ellen Engine House southeast of Porthtowan. This well preserved engine house was built in 1866 during an attempt to re-work the mine which had produced 24,000 tons of Copper between 1826 and 1862, the engine was never installed.
Wheal Friendly’s 60″ Pumping Engine House, this was built in 1902, it is a prominent landmark over looking Trevaunance Beach. The mine worked from 1860-1915 producing 450 tons of copper and 440 tons of tin.
A second view of Wheal Friendly Engine House.
Wheal Kitty Mine, the 65″ Engine House on Sara’s Shaft. The mine worked from 1834-1930 producing 13,121 tons of Tin and 2,024 tons of Copper. This photograph was taken in the mid 1990’s, since then the house has been renovated, and now it’s the centrepiece of a small industrial estate.
Polberro Mine worked from as early as 1730. Its main period of working was from 1837-1895, this is the well preserved engine house on Turnavore Shaft. The mine during this time produced produced 4,310 tons Tin and 1,598 tons of Copper. The sett had a final re-working in the 20th century finally closing in 1941.
Tywarnhayle Mine Taylor’s Engine House which housed a 58″ Pumping Engine. In a 1906 re-working this was the site of the first electric centrifugal pump used in Cornwall. The mine worked from 1826-1907 producing 115,388 tons of Copper. In more recent years this has been the underground training ground for students from The Royal School of Mines in London.
John’s 70″ Engine House at Tywarnhayle Mine built in 1861.This house is perched on the edge of the hill surrounded by a classic Cornish Mining landscape.
A closer view of John’s Engine House.
The Wendron Mines Gallery